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What is SeaweedFS Distributed File System Object Storage?

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Brandon Lee
(@brandon-lee)
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Have you heard of Seaweed FS?

SeaweedFS presents itself as a minimalist yet highly scalable distributed file system, designed with two primary goals: to efficiently store billions of files and to provide swift file access. Originating as an Object Store optimized for small file handling, SeaweedFS employs a unique architecture to manage file metadata. Unlike traditional systems that centralize metadata management, SeaweedFS's central master focuses on managing volume servers. These volume servers, in turn, handle the files and their metadata. This design significantly reduces the load on the central master and decentralizes file metadata across volume servers, facilitating rapid file retrieval operations (O(1), typically requiring just a single disk read).

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Remarkably, the system incurs only a 40-byte overhead for the metadata associated with each file, boasting O(1) disk read efficiency. This efficiency positions SeaweedFS as a robust solution for real-world applications, challenging users to test its performance against their specific needs.

The inception of SeaweedFS was inspired by the implementation of concepts from Facebook's Haystack design paper. Additionally, it incorporates erasure coding techniques derived from Facebook’s f4: Warm BLOB Storage System and exhibits notable parallels with the Tectonic Filesystem developed by Facebook.

Beyond its core object storage capabilities, SeaweedFS offers an optional Filer module to support directories and POSIX attributes. This Filer acts as a scalable, stateless server that can interface with a variety of metadata stores, including but not limited to MySql, Postgres, Redis, and Elastic Search, thereby offering extensive customization options for metadata management.

SeaweedFS also positions itself as an efficient solution for distributed key-value stores dealing with large values, offloading them to leverage its fast access speeds and scalable capacity. This setup enables SeaweedFS to function effectively as a distributed Key-Large-Value store.

Integration with cloud storage solutions further extends SeaweedFS's utility, allowing for a seamless blend of local and cloud data storage. By keeping hot data on the local cluster and warm data in the cloud, SeaweedFS achieves optimal local access times while benefiting from the scalability of cloud storage. Additionally, this approach optimizes cloud storage API costs, making SeaweedFS a faster and more cost-effective alternative to direct cloud storage solutions.

 

 
Posted : 04/02/2024 8:40 pm